Claude Monet was a great French artist of the 19th century. He is the founding father of the Impressionist style of painting. As a matter of fact, he is one of the greatest art creators of the modern era. From his artwork ‘Impression: Sunrise’ the term ‘Impressionism’ derived in the world of art.
Claude Monet born on 14 November in 1840 in Paris, France. His father Adolphe was a shipping businessman and mother Louise was a housewife. His mother was a well-known singer and admirer of art and poetry. So Monet got his first attraction towards art from his mother.
Monet’s family moved to Le Havre in 1845. There he started to go to school. In spite of being a good student, he didn’t like the school very much. He loved to spend his time to enjoy the natural scenes. Monet liked drawing from an early age. He often used to draw in his schoolbooks. Though his father didn’t like his passion towards art very much, Monet’s mother supported him. He became very famous in his community for his drawing. He started to adapting nature landscape under the influence of Eugene Boudin. This influence provoked him much in his later part of life.
Monet went to Paris in 1859 to study art. There he admitted into Academie Suisse and met Camille Pissarro. He went to Algeria to serve the military in 1861 and returned from there for health reason in 1862. This time Monet met many artists like Renoir, Sisley, and Bazille, who became famous impressionists later. He used to work outside along with Renoir and Bazille. The juries of annual art show accepted two of his works to show in Paris. In spite of achieving praise, Monet was still insolvent financially. In 1861 another two of his paintings saw the light of the annual art show, but his financial state didn’t change that much. Even once he tried to commit suicide in 1868.
Monet’s condition became better when Louis Joachim Guadibert became his patron. In 1870 he went to England and Paul Durand-Ruel became his first art dealer. He returned to France in 1872 and settled in Paris. There he finally developed his own style of painting. ‘Impression Sunrise’, ‘Poppies’, ‘The Water Lily Pond’, ‘Beach in Pourville’, ‘Springtime’, ‘Snow at Argenteuil’ etc. are some of his ageless works.
Claude Monet died on 5 December in 1926. Critics still recognize him as the founding father of Impressionism and one of the greatest artists of the world.
Birthday: November 14, 1840
Birthplace: Paris, France
Star Sign: Scorpio
Profession: Artist, Painter
Died: 1926, December 5
Spouse: Alice Hoschedé (m. 1892–1911), Camille Doncieux (m. 1870–1879)
Nelson Mandela was a South African politician. He served as the President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the first black President of South Africa. Nelson Mandela was one of the greatest men in history. He mainly fought against racism, poverty and Social Inequality during his life. He is without any doubt an icon for humanity.
Nelson Mandela was born on 18 July 1918. He was born in a village called Mvezo in Cape Province. He was born as Rolihlahla Mandela. He was later known by his clan name Madiba. Nelson Mandela was born to Gadla Mphakanyiswa. His father was the local chief of his village. Gadla was polygamist and had four wives. He loved African history as a child. He attended a Methodist school. At the age of 16 he was ritually circumcised. The ritual signifies the transition from a boy to man. Nelson Mandela then joined a college to get a Bachelor’s degree. But due to a situation he was suspended. He left without getting a degree. After that Nelson Mandela moved to Johannesburg. There he worked as a night guard. He completed his Bachelor’s degree in 1943. He later started his law studies. Soon after that he was fighting against racism in South Africa. He was accused of treason. He was arrested in 1956. He was released due to Martial Law. The trial for the case ended with the Verdict of Not Guilty. He was arrested in 1962. Since then he has been moved from one prison to another. He was released in 1990 from prison. He completed LLB degree from prison. In 1994 Nelson Mandela was elected as the President of South Africa. He was the first black chief executive of South Africa. He held the position until 1999.
Nelson Mandela lived a simple life. He donated one third of his annual income to Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund.
Nelson Mandela was married three times. Nelson Mandela married his third wife Graça Machel in 1988. He married her on his 80th birthday. Nelson Mandela had six children and 17 grandchildren. He was friends with Michael Jackson and Queen Elizabeth. He was known to have a good sense of humor. He died on 5 December 2013 due to respiratory infection. The whole world paid tributes to this legend of humanity.