Diana, Princess of Wales was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, who is the eldest child and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II. She was the fourth child and third daughter of John Spencer, Viscount Althorp and the Honourable Frances Roche. In 1975, after her father inherited the title of Earl Spencer, she became Lady Diana Spencer. Her wedding to the Prince of Wales on 29 July 1981, held at St Paul’s Cathedral, reached a global television audience of over 750 million people. While married, Diana bore the titles Princess of Wales, Duchess of Cornwall, Duchess of Rothesay, Countess of Chester, and Baroness of Renfrew.
As Princess of Wales, Diana undertook royal duties on behalf of the Queen and represented her at functions overseas. She was involved with dozens of charities including London’s Great Ormond Street Hospital for children, of which she was president from 1989. She was celebrated for her charity work and for her support of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines. The marriage produced two sons, the princes William and Harry, who were then respectively second and third in the line of succession to the British throne.
Diana remained the object of worldwide media scrutiny during and after her marriage, which ended in divorce on 28 August 1996. Media attention and public mourning were extensive after her death in a car crash in Paris on 31 August 1997 and subsequent televised funeral.