Edwin Hubble was a world famous astronomer and physicist. His research on astrophysics helped modern time physicists in many respects. As a matter of fact, he created a sort of revolution in the field of astrophysics. His research works helped to prove that the existing universe is expanding. He also introduced a classification of the galaxies. Scientists used his methods for many decades.
Hubble born on 20 November in 1889. His father’s name was John Powell Hubble and mother’s Virginia Lee Hubble. He liked science fiction very much from his childhood. His interest towards science grew from his early days.
His family moved to Chicago when he was 10. He began to go to school there. He was very good at sports and athletics there. In 1906 he received a scholarship to study at University of Chicago. He achieved graduation in 1910. Then he went to Oxford and obtained a bachelor’s degree in jurisprudence.
At first, he took teaching in Indiana as a profession. Then he returned to Chicago University to study astronomy and later completed his Ph.D. He worked for the Mount Wilson Observatory to develop Hooker telescope.
Edwin Hubble, through his research- became able to prove that other galaxies are located outside of the Milky Way. He took various photos through the Hooker’s telescope and compared them with new methods. He also estimated that Andromeda Nebula was about 900,000 light-years away from the Milky way and it may have its own galaxy. Actually, his method was right, and the Andromeda was farther than his estimation. After that, scientists named it Andromeda Galaxy.
Hubble’s real and extraordinary merit came out when he researched about the redshifts of the light emissions of the galaxies. Soon after, he along with Milton Humason proved that the galaxies of the universe are moving away from each other. He achieved Medal of Merit for his research. The Big Bang theory, which is one of the most influential theories in astrophysics and cosmology- emerged from his research works.
Edwin Hubble Died on 28 September in 1953. Scientists and international scientific societies honor him as a great grandmaster even today. Additionally, there is a deep space telescope (Hubble Telescope) named after him.
Born: November 20, 1889, Marshfield, Missouri, United States
Died: September 28, 1953, San Marino, California, United States
Discovered: 1373 Cincinnati
Books: The realm of the nebulæ, The Nature of Science and Other Lectures
Awards: Legion of Merit, Bruce Medal, Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, Franklin Medal
Spouse: Grace Burke (m. 1924–1953)